Each of the following videos represents a different style of musical expression from the Middle Ages. Watch these four (4) videos and then comment on the questions at the bottom of this page as well as your reactions to each of the pieces and performers. Hildegard von Bingen, Ave, generosa (5:03) World of Medieval Music, Clausula Domino Motet - Pucelete - Je Languis, Ensemble Flauto Dolce (3:48) Medieval Music, Les Compagnons du Gras Jambon, Middle Ages, Heiduckentanz (5:34) Luc Arbogast Incroyable Chanteur médiéval. Moyen Age! Bard, Troubadour (6:27) How do these compositions differ? Can you tell which ones were Sacred vs Secular? What instruments are being used? What language(s) is/are used in each example? Do you think that the instrumental music reflects the linguistic qualities of the languages being sung? Luc Arbogast is a "counter-tenor" (a very unusual, high-sounding male voice). What was your initial reaction when you heard him sing? Did you find any of this music "familiar," meaning something that you might have heard before and wouldn't mind hearing again? All the video could found by Youtube.